By Laura Seaton
Have you ever sat by your windows in January and felt the heat being pulled from your body? Do cold drafts chill your home? Windows are a major source of heat loss—especially the antique, single-pane windows found in Maine’s historic homes.
But cold windows are not limited to older homes—even newer, double-paned windows can let quite a lot of heat escape your home. Replacement windows can be expensive. And insulating curtains and shades block out the light at the time of year we need it most.
So, what is the budget-conscious homeowner to do? Installing transparent, interior window inserts can cut your heating fuel usage by 0-20%, saving you money, making your home more comfortable and reducing your carbon footprint.
Heat is lost through windows via four mechanisms: Air leakage, conduction, radiation and convection. Air leakage happens when there is not a tight seal around the windows and air leaks between the window and its frame. Conduction is the direct transfer of heat through the solid surfaces of the window. Convection is the flow of drafty air that is created by the warm air in your home meeting the cold air surface of your window. The “warm air rises and cold air sinks” effect creates a current of cold air flowing through your house. Radiation is when you stand by the window and feel the heat from your body being sucked out through the cold window. It creates a sense of “chill.”
Window inserts are rigid wooden frames custom built to the exact size of your windows, shrink-wrapped in two layers of plastic and lined with a foam gasket to create a tight seal. They sit within your existing window frame, creating two additional sealed air spaces that provide insulation and stop drafts. One air space is between the two layers of shrink-wrapped plastic. The other air space is between your insert and your window. If you have double-paned windows, you will have a third air space between the two panes of glass. A well-built interior window insert reduces heat loss through all four methods of heat transfer—air leakage, conduction, radiation and convection—resulting in a warmer, more efficient, less drafty home.
In the photos above, a contrasting-colored window insert is used to make it easier for the viewer to see the insert. However, inserts can be painted or stained to match your existing window frames to make them virtually unnoticeable. The clear plastic of the insert lets you enjoy the sunlight and views through your windows while saving heating fuel.
Window inserts are far more effective than tacking plastic over your windows because they provide two layers of insulation rather than one. They also provide a much tighter seal. Importantly, they are easily removed and stored in the summer so that you can enjoy the cool summer breezes through your open windows. Inserts can be used year after year and typically last for at least 10 years with good care. Keep your inserts in good shape by protecting them from cat claws, toddler toys and damp, moldy storage areas like basements.
Where to get window inserts
Window inserts can be purchased from several commercial companies, or you can build them yourself.
Another option is Maine-based nonprofit WindowDressers, an organization that utilizes volunteers and a communitybuilding approach to provide an affordable solution for homeowners. Volunteers measure your windows to get an exact, custom fit. Customers then come together in the fall to build their inserts at a “Community Build.” Pre-cut materials are provided and experienced coordinators train the customer-volunteers on how to build them, in an old-fashioned barn-raising style. Each customer is asked to volunteer for at least one 4-hour shift during the week-long build.
Because WindowDressers uses volunteer-power, they can produce insulating window inserts for about the same cost of materials that you would pay on your own, while you benefit from their knowledge, equipment and support. They even have an outreach program that donates 10 inserts for free to each low-income household that wants them. WindowDressers has 27 Community Builds across the state scheduled for the fall of 2017, so there is likely one convenient to where you live. For more information: WindowDressers, www.WindowDressers.org G&HM
This article was reprinted from the Fall/Winter 2018 issue of Green & Healthy Maine HOMES. Subscribe today!